First off, I can only add that the machine in the Dr Who screen capture (b/w) that Zeppy added was simply a "Senior Monarch" and probably a G & T period one.
In the film Kind Hearts And Coronets, the top b/w picture is of an HMV "Intermediate Monarch" from about 1910 (although it could also be a No. 2 from slightly later - they were one of the same machine) and the bottom picture is of yet another "Senior Monarch", albeit different age and different to the one in the Dr. Who clip.
In my DVD library I seem to recall I have at least 30 films with a gramophone / phonograph featured in them at some point and considering that none of my films have ever been selected by me for this reason, it just shows how many feature films have been made with a talking machine in!
How about this film?
Fitzcarraldo (1982) - Werner Herzog film starring Klaus Kinski - a man tries to build an opera house in the Peruvian jungles so that the natives can see and hear Caruso sing in person!
A gramophone (a "Frankenphone"?) is used to play Caruso records and positioned atop a steam boat for the natives to hear as the boat negotiates the jungle rivers in a bid to find and mine rubber to raise funds to build the opera house. The machine clearly has a Victor / G & T oak horn but the rest looks continental (appropriate for a German film) with a replacement goose neck and oversize soundbox!
The machine is certainly featured a lot in the film and is a necessary device to further the story.
Watch the trailer featuring the machine here: